Sample Expository Essay Prompt

When you want your students to practice explanatory writing, present them with one or more of the following prompts, grouped by difficulty. You can also introduce students to the PAST strategy to help them understand what each explanatory prompt is asking them to do.

Beginning Explanatory Prompts (Grades 4–5)

The following explanatory prompts are meant for students who are moving from paragraph writing to essay writing. 

1. Defining Friendship

Everyone needs friends. What qualities make someone a good friend? How can you be a friend for someone who needs one? Write an essay that explains ways to be a good friend.

2. A Job for Me

People do all kinds of jobs. Some people build. Others serve. Some teach. Others sell. Some people work on ships at sea, and others in skyscrapers in cities. What kind of job would you like to do? As a future worker, write an essay that names a job you would like, describes the work, and tells why you would like it.

3. An Admirable Person

We all have people we admire. They might be family members or friends. They might be singers, dancers, or actors. They might even be fictional characters. Whom do you admire most? Write an essay that names a person you admire and describes the qualities that make you like the person.

4. Sweet or Spicy?

Most people have a favorite food. What is yours? Is the food a common one that most other kids would know about, or a really special type? Is it sweet or spicy? In an essay, name your favorite food and describe to your classmates how it looks, smells, and tastes. Tell why you like it so much.

5. My Ideal Home

Most people can imagine a dream home. What would yours be? Big or small? In the country or in the city? How many floors? Would it be underground or up in a tree? As a young person, write an essay describing your dream home to a parent or guardian.

Intermediate Explanatory Prompts (Grades 6–8)

The following explanatory prompts are meant for students who do regular multi-paragraph writing. 

6. Connectivity Culture

Smartphones, tablet PCs, social media, and constant connectivity are changing the ways that people live, think, work, and connect. How do these technologies shape your life? Are you plugged in or tuned out? Why? Write an essay that explains to your fellow students the ways that you connect digitally and predicts how people will connect in the future.

7. Pets vs. People

Pets are not people. After all, dogs don’t go to school and cats don’t hold down jobs. But pet owners often consider their dogs and cats to be members of their families. In what ways are pets like people and in what ways are they not? Write a comparison-contrast essay explaining the similarities and differences between pets and people.

8. Defining Responsibility

A parent is responsible for taking care of children. A criminal is responsible for committing a crime. And teens are encouraged to make responsible choices. Just what does it mean to be “responsible”? Does it mean something different for young people than for adults? As a young person who is taking on more and more responsibilities, write an essay that defines what responsibility means to you, and explain the idea to those older than you.

9. Unique Celebrations

The Chinese celebrate New Year with a dragon dance. How do you celebrate New Year? What other special days do you observe? In an essay, explain a celebration or ritual that you know about. Tell what is usually done and why. Explain it to a reader who is new to the event.

10. Here's How It's Done

What are you really good at? Perhaps you can sink a free throw every time. Maybe you can identify birds by their songs, or make a very delicious homemade pizza. Think of a particular skill you have and could teach others. Then write an essay describing the process you use to accomplish this special feat. Provide enough detail so your reader can learn how to do the same thing.

Advanced Explanatory Prompts (Grades 9–12)

The following prompts are meant for high-school level writers. Students may need to research the topics in order to respond with sufficient depth and complexity. 

11. Addressing Cyberbullying

Cyberbullying involves using technology to harm, intimidate, and embarrass others. One form of cyberbullying called “trolling” occurs when anonymous Internet users intentionally post inflammatory content in an attempt to provoke and upset other users. While much effort has been made to counteract bullying in schools, the online and anonymous nature of cyberbullying makes it difficult to regulate. Write an essay that explains to your fellow students ways to counteract cyberbullying.

12. Moral Dilemmas

Consider a moral dilemma that a character in a novel or other piece of literature must face. It could be an issue you yourself have faced or one that is new to you. Explain what you would do if you were caught in the same situation. Then explain why you would handle it that way.

13. Talking About My Generation

Today’s youth are sometimes perceived as tech savvy, optimistic, and accepting. Other times, they are perceived as spoiled, coddled, and lazy, more interested in checking Instagram than in bearing down and working hard. In an essay, define the general characteristics of your generation. Provide evidence and reasons to support your definition.

14. Fashionable Expressions

Author Sarah MacLean believes “The most confident of women are those who believe in every scrap of fabric they wear.” Indeed, clothing is a form of self-expression for many people. Evaluate the clothing choices that you or someone else (famous or not) makes and explain what these fashion choices express about the person.

15. Comparing Future Career Paths

What do you want to do after you graduate from high school? Attend college? Hone your skills at a trade school? Or go straight into the professional world? Choose two options (college, trade school, job) and write an essay in which you analyze similarities and differences between the two options.

Essay Writing Prompts:  Zeroing In On Persuasive and Expository Skills



Persuasive Essay Writing Prompts

Prompt 1

Writing Situation

In many households where there are teenagers, there are often arguments over cell phones.

Directions for Writing

Think about the importance of having a cell phone. Now write to persuade your parents to buy you a cell phone or to allow you to keep the cell phone you already have.

Prompt 2

Writing Situation

Your favorite store at the mall is going to close down forever.

Directions for Writing

Before you begin writing, think about why it is your favorite store. Now write to persuade the store to stay in business.

Prompt 3

Writing Situation

In some schools students wear uniforms.

Directions for Writing

Before you begin writing, think about what is involved when students are required to wear uniforms to school. Now write to persuade your principal to agree with your view on whether school uniforms should be required.

Prompt 4

Writing Situation

Teen drivers have a lot more fun than most older drivers do. Teens also have a lot more accidents. Now, some states are limiting how and when teenagers can drive to help keep the roads safer.

Directions for Writing

Before you begin writing, think about teenagers behind the steering wheel. Now write to persuade your state's officials to agree with your view on teenage driving.

Prompt 5

Writing Situation

Many experts believe that fast-food restaurants are contributing to teen's obesity. They point to high-calorie meals that can be quickly ordered and consumed. They say that these restaurants deliberately target teens in their advertising. Many even offer prizes and toys.

Directions for Writing

Before you begin writing, think about fast-food restaurants and their impact on teens. Now write to persuade those experts to agree with your view on teenage obesity and fast food restaurants.

Expository Essay Writing Prompts

Prompt 1

Writing Situation

Everyone has a favorite holiday.

Directions for Writing

Before you begin writing, think about which is your favorite holiday and why. Now write to explain which holiday is your favorite.

Prompt 2

Writing Situation

Throughout history many important things have been made or invented.

Directions for Writing

Before you begin to write, think about an invention that has been important to people. Now, write an essay to explain why this one invention has been important.

Prompt 3

Writing Situation

Each year millions of tourists visit the state of Florida.

Directions for Writing

Before you begin writing, think about why Florida is a good place for vacations. Now write to explain the reasons Florida is a popular place for vacations.

Prompt 4

Writing Situation

Look at this quotation: "Good things are not cheap, and cheap things are not good."

Directions for Writing

Before you begin to write, think about the meaning of this quotation. Now write to explain how this quotation may apply to an experience of yours or the experience of someone you know.

Prompt 5

Writing Situation

A pet peeve is a particular source of annoyance or irritation. Every person seems to have one.

Directions for Writing

Think about a pet peeve you have. Now write to explain your pet peeve and why it is a source of annoyance or irritation.





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