How To Reference A Catalogue Harvard Style Bibliography

The Harvard referencing style is another popular style using the author-date system for in-text citations.

In-text citation:

It consists mainly of the authors' last name and the year of publication (and page numbers if it is directly quoted) in round brackets placed within the text. If there is no discernable author, the title and date are used.

Reference list:

The reference list should be ordered alphabetically by the last name of the first author of each work. References with no author are ordered alphabetically by the first significant word of the title.

Use only the initials of the authors' given names. No full stop and space between the initials. Last name comes first.

Here is an example that cites a book with one author using Harvard style.

In-text citation

Reference list

.....(Neville 2010) or Neville (2010, p. 25) stated that.....

Neville, C 2010, The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism, Open University Press, New York.

Harvard references for songs would generally follow this format:

ARTIST, Year.  Song title (if needed).  In: Album title (if needed) [format e.g. CD].  Catalogue number (if available).  Record label (if available)

However, there would be some variations on what is included in a reference depending on whether you are referencing a single or whole album, a self-released single etc.  The below examples should help you reference these formats.


Single from an album - include album details:

In text example:

The Levellers (1991) include this in...

Reference list example:

ARTIST, Year.  Song title.  In: Album title [format e.g. CD].  Catalogue number (if available).  Record label (if available)

LEVELLERS, 1991.  Far from home.  In: Levelling the land [CD].  WOLCDL 1022.  China Records

SOLENT BAND, 2015.  The joy of studying.  In: The Uni days [self-released single].  SSU2015.  Solent Records

Single only:

In text example:

This is shown by the Beatles (1968)...

Reference list example:

ARTIST, Year.  Song title [format e.g. CD].  Catalogue number (if available).  Record label (if available)

THE BEATLES, 1968.  Hey Jude [vinyl 7” single].  R 5722.  Apple Records

SOLENT BAND, 2015.  The joy of studying [self-released single].  SSU SR 2015.  Solent Records

Whole album:

In text reference:

... provides a good example (Levellers 1991).

Reference list example:

ARTIST, Year.  Album title [format e.g. vinyl].  Catalogue number (if available).  Record label (if available)

LEVELLERS, 1991.  Levelling the land [CD].  WOLCDL 1022.  China Records

Online releases & self-release:

In text reference:

... this is shown in the work of the Solent Band (2015)

Reference list examples:

ARTIST, Year.  Song title.  In: Album title (if available) [format e.g. online single].  Catalogue number (if available).  Record label (if available) [viewed date].  Available from: URL

Single from an album:

SOLENT BAND, 2015.  The joy of studying.  In: The Uni days [self-released single].  SSU2015.  Solent Records [viewed 15th December 2015].  Available from: www.solentrecords.ac.uk

Single only:

SOLENT BAND, 2015.  The joy of studying [self-released single].  SSU SR 2015.  Solent Records [viewed 15th December 2015].  Available from: www.solentrecords.ac.uk

Tip:

If you want to look up catalogue numbers, the Discogs website may be useful.

*Some of the examples above are made up purely to illustrate the reference format!

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