The Southern Ohio Correctional Facility (Commonly referred to as Lucasville) is a maximum security prison located just outside Lucasville, Ohio, United States. The prison was constructed in 1972. The current warden is Ronald Erdos.
On Easter Sunday, April 11, 1993, 450 Lucasville prisoners, including an unlikely alliance of the prison gangsGangster Disciples, Muslims, and Aryan Brotherhood, rioted and took over the facility for 11 days. The main causes were serious overcrowding and mismanagement of the facility and Muslim frustration stemming from mandated tuberculosis testing. In the Netflix documentary series Captive, inmate Siddique Abdullah Hasan claims that Muslim prisoners refused the test because it contained phenol, and therefore goes against Islamic restrictions concerning the consumption and handling of alcohol. Investigations conducted after the riot found that the gangs were also collaborating to murder inmates accused of being informants. Nine inmates and one corrections officer were killed.
During negotiations, the inmates did not feel they were being taken seriously and there was discussion of killing a Corrections Officer in retaliation. Though the group never reached a decision on the killing, one of the prisoners decided it was time to take action. According to the prosecution, Officer Robert Vallandingham, who had been taken hostage, was handcuffed and strangled with a dumbbell from the prison weight room. However, testimony by Dr. Richard Fardal, Franklin County Deputy Coroner, disputed the claim that Officer Vallandingham was killed by a weight, saying that there was “no injury to the voice box or the trachea” and that “Mr. Vallandingham died solely and exclusively as a result of ligature strangulation.” Testimonies vary as to which prisoner was responsible for his murder. During those eleven days, representatives from the Sunni Muslims, Aryan Brotherhood, and Gangster Disciples met every day in an improvised leadership council.
Four prisoners, Siddique Abdullah Hasan (Carlos Sanders), Jason Robb, George Skatzes, and Namir Abdul Mateen (James Were), were sentenced to death as a result. Keith LaMar (Bomani Shakur), unaffiliated with any of the above-mentioned groups, was sentenced to death for his alleged leadership of a group who killed inmates during the riot. He denies his leadership and claims the State of Ohio suppressed evidence that could demonstrate his innocence. He was not present in L-6 during the majority of the riot, having been taken off the rec yard the first day by the State authorities and housed in the K block.
Following the riot, a class action was brought against the state officers, administrators and staff by a legal team headed by civil rights attorney Al Gerhardstein on behalf of the inmate victims of the riot. The state paid $4.1 million to settle the claims of the victims and agreed to a number of non-monetary terms as well, to remedy the overcrowding and mismanagement of the facility.
2011 hunger strike
On January 3, 2011, Bomani Shakur (Keith Lamar) and Siddique Abdullah Hasen (Carlos Sanders) began a twelve-day, liquid only hunger strike at the maximum security prison in Youngstown, Ohio. On January 4, 2011, Jason Robb joined the hunger strike with fellow inmates Bomani and Siddique. The three death-row inmates were sentenced to death for their involvement in the 1993 Lucasville riots and were living in solitary confinement for 23 hours a day. Additionally, they were restricted from using the internet to access legal/news databases, denied access to the prison stores, and prohibited from any and all physical contact with family. Bomani, Siddique, and Jason desired the same treatment as the other Ohio death row-inmates and protested for equal prison conditions. The three death-row inmates demanded that they be granted additional time outside of their cells, physical contact with family members and access to the prison stores for additional clothing and food. At the time of the strike, David Bobby, the prison warden, concluded that he would not meet any of the prisoners' demands. However, by January 14, 2011, warden David Bobby presented the inmates with a signed statement detailing the future policy changes. Due to growing public support and pressure from organizations such as human rights and legal scholars, American Civil Liberties Union, and the Center for Constitutional Rights, the prison was under pressure to change, which Birmingham University Professor Denis O'Hearn has credited as playing a decisive role in the hunger strike's success. The three inmates were granted all demands including limited physical contact with family, daily one hour phone calls, and additional time outside of the prison cell. By January 15, 2011, Bomani, Siddique, and Jason had ended their hunger strike.
The Southern Ohio Correctional Facility is where condemned Ohio prisoners are executed; however, prisoners awaiting execution are not housed there on a long term basis. Since the riots, the men's death row has been relocated three times. The first relocation was to the Mansfield Correctional Institution in Mansfield with the majority of inmates being moved later to the Ohio State Penitentiary, a supermax facility in Youngstown while a few remained at Mansfield. Currently, all but eleven condemned inmates are housed in a new death row unit at the Chillicothe Correctional Institution in Chillicothe. Five high security inmates, most of whom were involved in the 1993 riots, remain at OSP with two others with serious medical conditions housed at the Franklin Medical Center in Columbus. Donna Roberts, the lone woman on Ohio's death row, as well as any future female prisoners sentenced to death, are and will be held at the Ohio Reformatory for Women in Marysville.
- ^"Southern Ohio Correctional Facility". www.drc.state.oh.us. Retrieved July 30, 2016.
- ^"Southern Ohio Correctional Facility".
- ^ abPfeifer, Paul. The Lucasville Prison RiotArchived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., Supreme Court of Ohio, 2005-05-18. Accessed 2009-06-30.
- ^ abBeyerlein, Tom (April 3, 2013). "White supremacist gangs becoming increased threat in and outside of prisons". Springfield News-Sun. Retrieved April 4, 2013. (Subscription required (help)).
- ^http://www.re-examininglucasville.org/2012/10/re-examining-lucasville-uprising-essay-1.html[dead link]
- ^Lynd, Staughton, et al. Wobblies and Zapatistas, p.113.
- ^"Letter from Bomani Shakur of the Lucasville 5". Kersplebedeb.
- ^Kaufman (January 22, 1997). "Lucasville Inmates Settle for $4.1 Million". The Cincinnati Enquirer. Retrieved 6 June 2016.
- ^ abcdefghij"Three Ohio death-sentenced prisoners hunger strike for rights, 2011 | Global Nonviolent Action Database". nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu. Retrieved 2017-10-02.
- ^ ab"Ohio Death Row Inmates".
On April 11, 1993, Easter Sunday, approximately 450 prisoners in Cellblock L of the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility, in Lucasville, Ohio, rioted. The Southern Ohio Correctional Facility is a maximum security prison. The riot apparently occurred for several reasons. Chief among these reasons was a fear among Muslim inmates that correction officials would force the prisoners to have tuberculosis vaccinations. Taking these vaccinations would have violated the prisoners' faith. It also appears that some inmates desired to settle old disputes with other prisoners.
The riot lasted ten days. On the first day, some rioters beat five other inmates to death and placed their bodies in the exercise yard. Over the next several days, four other inmates died at the hands of the rioters. The rioters had also taken eight prison guards hostage. On April 15, the inmates strangled guard Robert Vallandingham to death, hoping to convince state officials to take the prisoners' demands seriously. The inmates also caused more than forty million dollars in damage to the prison. After officials agreed to review the prisoners' twenty-one demands, the rioters surrendered on April 21, 1993.
Following the Lucasville riot, the Ohio government spent millions of dollars to improve the state's prisons. As economic conditions in Ohio have declined in the late 1990s and early 2000s, the state has reduced much of this additional funding.
- Lynd, Staughton. Lucasville: The Untold Story of a Prison Uprising. N.p.: Temple University Press, 2004.