Description:The purpose of a literary analysis essay is to very closely examine a work of literature. Your central idea in this essay will focus on the work of literature as a whole or focus on one particular element in a longer text. Some common types of literary analysis essay focus on analyzing a theme, a character or a symbol. You may analyze a poem, a short story or a novel.
Topic: The Symbolism of the Shell in Lord of the Flies.
Literary Analysis Example
For centuries, philosophers have grappled with the question of whether mankind is inherently good or evil. In his novel Lord of the Flies, William Golding examines this question through a story about what happens after a small plane carrying British schoolboys crashes on a desert island. Because no adults survived the crash, the boys were on their own to govern themselves and await a rescue. As the story unfolds, the boys are forced to organize themselves outside of civilized society. Throughout the story, Golding uses the symbol of the conch shell to represent civilization and democracy.
From the beginning, the conch shell functions as a tool for establishing a civil order. When Ralph, a character who would become a leader among the boys, first finds the conch shell, he blows it like a horn to gather all the boys together. Once the boys emerged from the tropical jungle to gather near Ralph, he ?smiled and held up the conch for silence." At that moment, the attempt at creating an orderly civilization begins. The conch shell is initially used as a tool for both gathering together and establishing leadership.
Another symbolic use for the conch shell occurs during the scenes involving the boys' assembly. The intention of the assembly is to form a governing body. Ralph is chosen as a leader in part because he found and used the conch shell first. When the boys vote for a leader, they exclaim ?Him with the shell. Ralph! Ralph! Let him be chief with the trumpet-thing." Here, the conch shell represents the power vested in ralph as the decision-maker among the boys. The shell is an image of the fair, democratic microcosm of civilization that the boys hoped to invoke.
Gradually, however, the boys lose their connection with the conch shell, signifying their momentum towards giving in to disorder and chaos. Both Piggy and Ralph use the conch shell as a horn any time they feel that their makeshift civilization is falling apart, in an effort to gather the boys. When some of the boys start a fire on the island and Piggy attempts to use the conch to stop them, he is rebuked by Jack who is beginning to express rebellion and evil. The conch doesn't count up on top of the mountain," said Jack. When such limitations are placed on the power of the conch, the boys begin to lose respect for the established civil order.
Further, as the island civilization degenerates, so does the conch shell itself. Jack diminishes the power of the conch when he proclaims that "we don't need the conch anymore." At this point, Jack's assertion links the demise of the conch's power with a dramatic shift in the civil order. Golding's descriptions of the conch shell also show that it has literally lost its color and luster over time, physically mirroring the eroding social situation. Additionally, the scene where Jack steals Piggy's glasses instead of stealing the conch shell shows how the shell was no longer valued.
Finally, the conch shell is literally crushed by a boulder. This occurs when Piggy was holding the shell and was intentionally murdered by the boys pushing rocks upon him. The complete destruction of the conch, a symbol of fair and just civilization, corresponds with this deliberately evil act. The conch shell was the ultimate civilizing influence on the island. With its destruction, the group was given license to slide into savagery, evil and disorder. Through the symbol of the conch shell, Golding communicated that evil is an inevitable aspect of man if the conditions arise for its expression.
This article is devoted to the analysis of Nicolai Gogol’s stories The Story of How Ivan Ivanovich Quarreled with Ivan Nikiforovich and Old World Land Owners. The first story takes place in a small town of Myrgorod in Ukraine. The two Ivan’s have been great friends, neighbors, and gentle land owners but each one is almost opposite image of the other. For example, Ivan Nikiforovich is fat, short and is honest while, on the other hand, Ivan Ivanovich is thin, tall and well spoken (Gogolʹ, Leonard and Constance). This story starts with great harmony and coexistence between the two and the village knows them to be the best friends. This tale is all about an absurd argument between two formerly good friends living in the town of Myrgorod. The story is the funniest of Nicolai’s collection. It is about two men taking each other to court because one called the other a goose. Their bloated ego of these warring friends captures the whole story. The letter of complaint delivered to court gives the reader a deeper understanding of each character. Nicolai’s view of judicial and legal systems is exemplified in this story. Each segment of the story has its conflict making it seem like a serialized story.
Comparing the latter with the former, much has been portrayed of the two characters who continue with an escalated conflict. Their conflicts dominate much of the story. Myrgorod, which means peace town, wants reconciliation between the two friends. They foolishly decide to leave the courts without any decision, instead of pursuing their squabble in court (Gogolʹ, Leonard and Constance). Their conflict lasts for more than a decade. One can only imagine the consequences, and in most cases one spend more time thinking about it after reading it than the time one spent in reading. Unsurprisingly individuals have the greatest impact on the way their interpersonal conflicts unfold. These are two individuals who have been the best friends but a simple conflict is about to erupt a long time conflict that lasted for more than a decade.
Written in a realistic manner, it is a grotesque indication of the two characters. It all starts when Ivans Ivanovich notice his friend hanging clothes to dry. He also notes his friend’s military implements, especially a riffle that interests him most (Brodiansky 36). He goes over and offers to trade it for a brown pick and sacks of oat. His neighbor is not ready to let it go and in turn, calls Ivanovich a goose, which offends him terribly. This was the beginning of their hatred. To rub in the insult, Nikiforovich erects a goose pen with two posts resting on the friend’s property. In retaliation, Ivanovich cuts off the legs at night and fears that Nikiforovich will burn his house down.
It is at this point that Ivan Ivanovich goes to court to have Nikiforovich arrested for ill intentions. The judge finds it hard to believe what is happening between these former friends. He tries to convince them to make amends which infuriates the friend causing him to storm out of the court house. On the other hand, Nikiforovich comes to court with his petition, amazing those in court, but strangely the petition is stolen by a brown pig that belongs to Ivan Ivanovich, shortly after he leaves court (Brodiansky 38). The chief inspector attempts to have the pig arrested, as well as convincing them to reconcile, but it is unsuccessful. The pig causes a new petition to be filled, which is quickly duplicated but remains in the archives for several years. The case takes a different direction from then, and the focus is on the pig, and its owner.
Later, the chief of police has a party and invites Ivanovich to the party, but Nikiforovich would not attend because neither of them will be where the other is. Nikiforovich is convinced to come without the knowledge of his friend (Gogolʹ, Leonard and Constance). He attends the party after being convinced by Anton Prokofievich, and when he sits down during dinner, he realizes that his rival is sited directly opposite, and the party goes silent. The party continues but after the party both try to leave without being noticed, but some party members try to push them together to make up. The chief of police acts as an integrative instrument trying to bring the two Ivans together (Gogolʹ, Leonard and Constance). They do not seem to be ready to reconcile voluntarily. No party is ready yet, and neither do they use force to bring them together…
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